Apis mellifera macedonica o abeja griega del norte clasificada por ruttner, 1988. Marcy following the cure of a severely oedematous kidney patient who was prescribed dried and powdered honeybees by a native indian medicine woman. Genetic diversity evaluation of persian honeybees apis. Morphometric analysis resulted in a distinct classification of three investigated populations but showed low diversity among them. The honeybee apis mellifera belongs to the hymenoptera insects that live in social groups with a fixed function of individuals including their rotation during the ontogeny of individuals, resulting in a swarm, which works to some extent, as an organism. Foraging and pollination activity of apis mellifera. Pdf morphometric characterization of iranian apis mellifera meda.
Part 1 of our uk experiment trying a perone automatic hive mk 1 colmena perone, populated with native black bees apis mellifera mellifera. European honey bee apis mellifera linnaeus and subspecies. The acute oral toxicity of commonly used pesticides in. Apis mellifera linnaeus hymenoptera, apidae between and. The proboscis extension reflex is a classical behavioral trait used to determine the learning behavior in honeybees to odors. Apis mellifera meda este o subspecie din persia a albinei melifere europene apis mellifera.
Summarymorphological characters of apis mellifera meda sampled from urmia, tehran and tabriz in iran, apis mellifera anatoliaca from kirsehir and beypazari. Journal of apicultural research and bee world, 464. Circadian and seasonal changes in honeybee apis mellifera worker susceptibility to diazinon, teflubenzuron, pirimicarb, and indoxacarb. There is a high degree of inbreeding or hybridization among all the subspecies of a. Morphometric characterization of iranian apis mellifera. During the early 1600s it was introduced to north america, with other. Apis mellifera is a species of honey bee commonly called the western honey bee or european honey bee. Larvae in the honey bee colony, larvae are referred to as open.
Apis mellifera intermissa is an african subspecies of the western honey bee. Identification of differential defense reaction and tactic. Sixteen morphometric measurements were made on 20 worker bees each from 5 colonies from 6. This mitochondrial genome is 16,248 bp in length, with 37 classical eukaryotic. Apis mellifera meda, apis mellifera carnica and apis cerana f. Proceedings of the seventh world congress on genetics applied to livestock production, aug. Apis mellifera meda o abeja persa clasificada por skorikov, 1829. Subspecies are native to western europe, western asia, or nontropical northern or southern africa. This result is in agreement with that of alemu et al. Kept by beekeepers throughout britain in hives, though feral colonies can live for several years in trees. Basiri2 1 isfahan university of technology, isfahan, iran 2 tarbiat modarres university, tehran, iran introduction honey production is one of honey bees most complex behavioral characters that is influenced largely by environment. Analysis of colony and morphological characters in honey. The complete mitochondrial genome of the western honey bee subspecies apis mellifera meda was sequenced.
Apis mellifera meda skorikow, 1829 populations using. Acute contact toxicity of six pesticides in honeybees. In the present research, iranian populations of honeybee apis mellifera were collected from 19 areas in iran. Morphometric characterization of iranian apis mellifera meda, central anatolian apis mellifera anatoliaca and caucasian apis mellifera caucasica honey bee populations.
The honeybee apis mellifera has major ecological and economic importance. Colony defense of asian apis species is characterized by several distinct behavioral elements, which are absent apis mellifera 2. Behavioral defenses of iranian honey bees apis mellifera meda against varroa destructor amir najikhoei 1, cetin firatli 1, sadegh alijani 2, yeliz kasko arici 3, saber khodaie 4 1department of animal science, faculty of agriculture, university of ankara, turkey 2department of animal science, faculty of agriculture, university of tabriz, iran. Subspecies of apis mellifera the common names include european or western honey bee.
Pdf morphological characteristics of apis mellifera. Contentsshow geographic distribution the western honey bee is native to europe, asia and africa. Morphometric analysis shows that the subspecies belongs to the oriental branch of the genus apis. A random sample of honey bee workers 400 was taken from 40 colonies in three cities of mazandaran province north of iran. Morphometric characterization of iranian apis mellifera meda.
European honey bee apis mellifera linnaeus and subspecies insecta. Presence of caucasus and iranian race apis mellifera meda in southeast race apis mellifera caucasica which produces more anatolia 4,5, were reported. The homeopathic remedy apis mellifica is prepared from the western or european honey bee. Introduction vespid hornets are important predators of insects including honey bees. The european honey bee or western honey bee apis mellifera is the main species of honey bee. Acute contact toxicity of six pesticides in honeybees apis mellifera meda in iran.
For this purpose ten morphological characters and five microsatellite loci were studied. Behavioral defenses of iranian honey bees apis mellifera. The origin of persian honeybee, apis mellifera meda, is in alburz. Morphological characteristics of apis mellifera meda hymenoptera. Apis mellifera scutellata is less defensive compared to a. A scientific note on allozyme in persian honey bee apis mellifera meda from the elburz mountains in iran. European honey bee simple english wikipedia, the free.
Apis mellifera adansonii is the most defensive honeybee in. This page was last edited on decemberat apis mellifera intermissa scientific classification kingdom. Population genetic structure of native iranian population. The native distribution of the honeybee apis mellifera includes europe, africa, and the middle east. The western honey bee or european honey bee apis mellifera is the most common of the 712 species of honey bees worldwide. Apidae 3 laying queen is present in the colony a very helpful tool when inspecting a managed honey bee colony. To discuss this or any other aspect of natural beekeep. The genus name apis is latin for bee, and mellifera is the latin for honeybearing, referring to the species production of honey like all honey bee species, the western honey bee is eusocial, creating colonies with a single fertile female or queen, many. The difference in floral sources, in these two localities, might explain the difference in antibacterial effects of apis mellifera tigray white and gondar yellow honeys. This datasheet includes data on pure apis mellifera scutellata from its native range, but mostly on the invasive polyhybrid between a. Genetic variation in iranian honey bees, apis mellifera. Genetic characterization of apis mellifera macedonica. It was introduced into homeopathy in 1847 by a new york physician dr.
Dyolf77 and released under the license s stated above. Apis mellifera siciliana, classified by grassi, 1881 sicula is a junior synonym sicilian honey bee from the trapani province and. Microsatellite genetic diversity of apis mellifera meda. Discrimination of iranian honeybee populations apis. Apis mellifera intermissa, tunisia jpg wikimedia commons. A study on the genetic diversity of the apis mellifera meda population in the south coast of the caspian sea using microsatellite markers. Discrimination of iranian honeybee populations apis mellifera meda from commercial subspecies of apis mellifera l. In this study, the genetic structure of iranian honey bee apis mellifera meda populations, mainly obtained from all of regions, were investigated at two different mitochondrial regions. Pdf on jul 24, 2010, ataollah rahimi and others published morphological characteristics of apis mellifera meda hymenoptera. Alternatively, you can download the file locally and open with any standalone pdf reader.
The genetic diversity of three iranian honey bee populations apis mellifera meda was studied using morphological and microsatellite loci in south iran. It is the workers sterile females that are normally seen. In 1758 carolus linnaeus named the bees as apis mellifera. The polish journal of environmental studies, 225, 14571463.
Antibacterial effects of apis mellifera and stingless bees. Online course linkedin learning insights from a college career coach. The complete mitochondrial genome of apis mellifera meda. The acute oral toxicity of commonly used pesticides in iran, to honeybees apis mellifera meda farhang rasuli 1, javad nazemi rafie j. Pdf evaluation of morphological characteristics of honey. The samples were collected from stationary beekeeping sites. Acute contact toxicity of six pesticides in honeybees apis.
Social living bees have been domesticated to generate bee products in sufficient. Genetic variation in iranian honey bees, apis mellifera meda. Its genus name apis is latin for bee, and mellifera means honeybearing. Apis mellifera intermissathe native honeybee subspecies of algeria and most of north africa, is distinctly darker with some times light illumination on the tergites. Pdf the complete mitochondrial genome of apis mellifera. Pdf microsatellite genetic diversity of apis mellifera. However, he later found out that bees do not bear honey, but they actually bear nectar. Morphological characters in honey bee apis mellifera meda m. Apis mellifera meda, defense reaction, vespa orientalis, vespa crabro, skirmish 1. Morphological characters of apis mellifera meda sampled from urmia, tehran and tabriz in iran, apis mellifera anatoliaca from kirsehir and beypazari in central anatolia, and apis mellifera caucasica from posof in northeast anatolia were analysed using standard morphometric methods. Introduction in africa, there are several races, subspecies, or ecotypes of honeybees apis mellifera l. Morphological characteristics of apis mellifera meda. Pdf morphological characters of apis mellifera meda sampled from urmia, tehran and tabriz in iran, apis mellifera anatoliaca from kirsehir and.1378 261 182 967 1416 773 155 195 212 614 198 1248 1386 814 819 488 16 1119 1327 1245 1313 978 1323 346 35 1133 651 735 580 404 1032 1331 30 421 399 1106 736 6 1022